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Types of Diabetes and its complications

| Internal Medicine and Geriatrics
Types of Diabetes and its complications

Diabetes has emerged as an epidemic, irrespective of country, age group, and economy across the world. The 2015 data says that approximately 415 million people were suffering from diabetes worldwide and the number is expected to exceed 500 million by the year 2030.

The surprising fact is that half the number of diabetes patients doesn’t know that they are dealing with diabetes and thus are more prone to developing its acute and serious complications.

High level of sugar or glucose in the blood may lead to different health problems such as diabetes mellitus. High glucose in the blood may cause eye damage, kidney damage, and nerve damage, which may also increase the risk of having various cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart stroke, and narrowing of arteries.

People with diabetes are more prone to infections that may also lead to allergies. Diabetes can also cause foot ulcers and various heart problems.

According to doctors, Diabetes problems can be divided into the following:

  • Diabetic Neuropathy
  • Diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA)
  • Diabetes and Depression
  • Diabetes Impotence
  • Dental Problems
  • Gestational Diabetes
  • Hyperglycaemic Hyperosmolar State (HHS)
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Diabetic Nephropathy

There are three main types of Diabetes:

  • Diabetes Type 1
  • Diabetes Type 2
  • Gestational Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

Doctors have declared it an autoimmune condition. Meaning, your immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the beta cells in your pancreas that produces insulin your blood. The reason for attack may be genetic or environmental. Lifestyle factors are considerably not involved to cause Type 1 Diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes starts with insulin resistance. This problem makes your body inefficient to use insulin properly. The decrease in insulin production leads to high blood sugar.

There is no certain cause described for diabetes. However, contributing factors may include:

  • Overeating
  • Genetic
  • Lack of exercise
  • Being overweight

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes occurs due to blocking of hormones during pregnancy. This type of diabetes only occurs during the time of pregnancy.

Symptoms of Diabetes:

  • Excessive thirst and Hunger
  • Drowsiness or Fatigue
  • Frequent Urination
  • Dry and Itchy Skin
  • Blurry Vision
  • Slow-healing wounds

Treating Diabetes Type 1

People with diabetes type 1 must take insulin to live because the pancreas is permanently damaged in this condition, thus not able to produce insulin. There are different types of insulin available to maintain the level of insulin in our body.

Insulin is injected under the skin, which is guided by your doctor properly. Also, there is an insulin pump available in the market that can be worn outside your body, which is programmed to release a specific dose as per requirement.

Treating Diabetes Type 2

Type 2 diabetes can easily be controlled with diet and exercise, and also treated with a variety of medications prescribed by the doctor to control blood sugar.

Prevention of Diabetes

Though Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition, it cannot be prevented.

You can lower the chances of having Type 2 diabetes if you:

  • Exercise Regularly
  • Control your weight and eat healthily
  • Avoid smoking and control HDL cholesterol levels

People who are dealing with diabetes or its symptoms must consult their problem with the experienced internal medicine doctors.

Internal medicine subspecialties of Signature Hospital has appointed an experienced team of doctors for treating all types of diabetes in all age groups.

The general internal medicine department of Signature hospital treats all diabetic patients with a modern and strategic approach.

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