Acid Reflux or GERD
Acid Reflux is a condition that occurs when the eaten food goes up into your oesophagus. Gastroenterologists also call it Acid Regurgitation or Gastroesophageal Reflux. Acid Reflux or GERD can hit both kids and adults.
The patient must report to a doctor if he has been facing acid reflux symptoms for more than twice a week as he may have the condition of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).
Symptoms of GERD
An uncomfortable burning feels in the chest or heart, even in the upper neck can be the symptoms of GERD. The Acid Reflux condition might develop sour or bitter taste feeling at the back of your mouth. The condition might also cause your food in the stomach to go back to your mouth in a bitter form.
GERD can also cause difficulty swallowing. In worse conditions, the GERD can cause problems like Chronic Cough and Asthma too.
What causes GERD or Acid Reflux?
There is a muscle called Lower Esophageal Sphincter (LES), which exists right at the end of the oesophagus. It works in a perfect pattern like it relaxes and opens up when we swallow something and immediately closes and tightens afterwards.
The condition of GERD occurs when LES stops working properly, which makes a window for the food in the stomach to go up and hit the Oesophagus.
According to Gastro Doctors, Acid Reflux Foods to Avoid:
How to Diagnose GERD?
A doctor may conduct a physical exam to confirm your condition along with a few scans and tests that are mentioned below:
According to this test, a flexible tube combined with a tiny camera is threaded into the oesophagus to examine it pick a sample of tissue (biopsy) if required.
After drinking a barium solution, X-RAY imaging is used to check the condition of your upper digestive tract.
A flexible tube put into your oesophagus as per this test to check the strength of your oesophagal muscle.
Oesophageal pH monitoring
A tube is used to thread a monitor into your Oesophageal by a gastrointestinal doctor, to know if and when stomach acid goes into it.
Treatments for GERD
Primarily, the gastroenterology doctors suggest making a few changes in your diet and lifestyle, which helps you to get relief in most of the Acid Reflux conditions.
Surgery for GERD
When the prescribed medications by stomach specialist doctor and life changes do not affect the condition, surgery may be suggested by your doctor.
The doctor may suggest surgery even when the GERD has caused a few complications.
In case, you are dealing with any of the GERD or Acid Reflux symptoms mentioned above, you can consult the best doctors sitting at Signature Hospital’s Gastroenterology ward. All GERD and Acid Reflux patients are treated with the help of all technological advancements and treatments by the best gastroenterologist here at Signature Hospital.