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Know about thyroid functioning, tests, and treatments

| Internal Medicine and Geriatrics
Know about thyroid functioning, tests, and treatments

The butterfly-shaped gland, Thyroid is adjusted low on the front of the neck, right below your Adam’s apple. The Thyroid is made of two lobes, which are connected by a bridge (isthmus) in the middle. Thyroid can’t be felt when it is in normal size and working properly. Thyroid is a bubble type Dark Red coloured gland that is rich with blood vessels.

The tone and clarity of voice depend on the nerve passing through our Thyroid Gland.

The thyroid works to secrete several hormones, which are collectively called Thyroid Hormones. Thyroxine or T4 is considered the primary or most important hormone secreted by Thyroid. A bad thyroid may affect your body in different ways such as body temperature, Growth & Development, and brain development in children.

Thyroid Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Muscle aches and cramps
  • Poor Appetite
  • Dry and Rough Skin
  • Constipation
  • Eye and face swelling
  • Deeper and/or hoarse voice
  • Enlarged tongue
  • Irregular or heavy menstrual periods
  • Depression
  • Memory loss
  • Slowed thinking and mental activity
  • High blood cholesterol levels

Here are the different Thyroid Conditions:


Deficiency of iodine is the main cause of Goitre. The thyroid gland becomes swollen in this condition, which is called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.


The production of hormones becomes excessive in this condition. This problem is most likely caused due to the condition of Graves disease or an overactive thyroid module.

Radioactive Iodine can be given to destroy the cells that produce hormones.


Opposite to Hyperthyroidism, the production of hormones becomes low in this condition. The autoimmune disease is the main cause of Hypothyroidism.


The inflammation in thyroid due to viral infection or autoimmune disease is called Thyroiditis.

Thyroid Nodule

It is a small abnormal lump, extremely common, that can be produced in the thyroid gland. A few of them may be cancerous. They may start secreting excess hormones, which can cause hyperthyroidism, or cause no problem at all.

Thyroid Storm

It is a rare form of Hyperthyroidism, which is known for secreting a very high number of hormones that can cause severe illness.

Thyroid Cancer

The very uncommon form of cancer, thyroid cancer is usually curable. Robotic Surgery, Radiation, and hormone treatment procedures may be considered to cure this condition.

How are Thyroid Function tests done?

Thyroid tests are usually done with a series of blood tests to check the condition of the thyroid gland. These thyroid blood tests include T3,T4, and TSH.

One of the top thyroid hospitals in Gurgaon, Signature Hospital hosts the best thyroid treatment procedures with the help of great doctors and advanced technology.

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