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Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Complications, and Treatment

| Cancer Care Center
Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Complications, and Treatment

The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland in men, which is responsible for producing seminal fluid that works for the nourishment and transportation of sperm.

Prostate Cancer

One of the most common types, Prostate cancer grows and effects slowly and is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths for men worldwide. It is said by top health organizations that 1 out of 9 men will go through prostate cancer in their lifetime.

There are two types of growth noticed in Prostate – Benign (Not Cancer) and Malignant (Cancer)

Facts about Benign Growths (Like Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH0) :

  • Tissues don’t get jammed around it
  • Rarely a threat to life
  • Don’t infect other organs in the body
  • Can be removed easily
  • Can grow back in a slow process

Facts about Malignant Growths (Prostate Cancer):

  • The threat to life sometimes
  • Higher probability of spreading to nearby organs and tissues
  • Can even spread to other parts of the body like lymph nodes or bone
  • Higher probability of removal
  • Chances of recurrence

What are the Symptoms?

Most of the cancer cases do not show symptoms in their early stages and so with the prostate cancer.

The severe condition of prostate cancer may cause the following signs and symptoms:

  • Trouble Urinating
  • Blood in Semen
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bone Pain
  • Erectile Dysfunction

Treatment Chances

If it is detected early or infection is not reached to other organs or tissues, then there are better chances of successful treatment.

What are the Causes of Prostate Cancer?

There are no specific reasons for occurring Prostate Cancer. According to the medical terms - Prostate Cancer occurs when cells in a prostate become abnormal and mutations in the abnormal cells’ DNA makes the dividing process of cells faster than usual.

During this process, the healthy cells start dying, whereas the abnormal cells continue growing. Some abnormal cells can also break off and spread to other organs of the body.


Here are the complications and treatments of Prostate Cancer:

  • Metastasizes

The biggest complication of the Prostate Cancer is that it can infect other organs of the body like urinary bladder, lungs or lymph nodes.

  • Incontinence

Prostate cancer and its treatment can cause the condition of urinary incontinence. The treatment varies according to the type of cancer, treatment, and effect of tumor.

  • Erectile Dysfunction.

Erectile Dysfunction can occurr due to prostate cancer. The Prostate Cancer’s treatment includes surgery, radiotherapy or hormone treatments. A few medications, surgery or vacuum devices can be used to treat Erectile Dysfunction.

Treatments for Prostate Cancer


Surgery for the Prostate Cancer covers both the prostate and its surrounding lymph nodes. The form of surgery depends on the type, stage of cancer, the overall health, and other factors.

Different Types of Prostate Surgeries:

  • Robotic or Laparoscopic Prostatectomy

It is less invasive and improves recovery time. A surgeon uses robotic devices like cameras and other instruments to perform this surgery.

  • Radical (Open) Prostatectomy

A radical prostatectomy is a surgical procedure of removing the entire prostate and the seminal vesicles.

  • Bilateral Orchiectomy

Bilateral Orchiectomy is the surgical removal of both testicles.

  • Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

TURP is most often performed to treat urinary blockage instead of treating prostate cancer.

Rush to the multispecialty hospital in Gurgaon – Signature for the best and advanced prostate cancer treatment. The hospital is equipped with all hi-tech equipment and a team of supreme doctors who put all their experiences to perform the most successful surgeries.

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